|Posted by Reacción Climática on 20 Ee febrero Ee 2015 a las 0:55|
By Carmen Capriles
From 1 to December 14, 2014, in Lima, Peru, was carried out 20VA. Conference of the Parties (COP for its acronym in English) UNFCCC United Nations Climate Change (UNFCCC), expectations for the meeting were very high especially in Latin America, due to the necessity and urgency of take measures to limit the negative impacts of climate change are already being felt in the region, in this regard, efforts were not sufficient due to a total lack of ambition by the Member States although they reached an agreement, does not reflect the real urgency which the situation while there's time.
For more than two weeks, women around the world participated directly in the negotiations, press conferences, training, organizing events, wrote articles, publishing reports and newsletters, joining the demonstrations, marches and collaborating with dozens of colleagues around the world who participated to make an urgent call to action in Lima. Despite these efforts, and the many partners in civil society, COP20 could not move substantially forward to achieve the ultimate goal of achieving an agreement that includes a plan to avert climate catastrophe, although in last hours achieved a consensus on the Declaration of Lima, the result does not reflect the urgency and the need to take action to prevent the magnitude of impacts from rising.
Although less than a decade the relationship between women and climate change, as well as the gender dimension of climate change were unknown or invisibilities, as the impacts of global warming more severe and tangibly manifest, the relationship becomes increasingly apparent, a series of changes in climate that are manifested in the form of floods, droughts, snow, frost, heat or wind holas off season or typical conditions have shown a marked dimension genre that is increasingly difficult to ignore.
These events have highlighted the vulnerability of women, especially in rural areas because they are responsible for much of the small-scale farming and highlighting the lack of access to resources, education, health systems Unlike the man who has a different dynamic migration that allows you to opt out of the activities of the house to work in different settings, in the community, in the city or in another country, according to what the situation demands, accessing more education and greater resources.
In this context, the UNFCCC becomes a very important space where it is vital to visualize and understand the links between gender equality, women's rights, the environment, climate change, which must be demonstrated disaggregated data and enhance the relationship within the wider discussions on sustainable development worldwide under the Sustainable Development Goals, Agenda for Post-2015 Development and Beijing + 20, for which integrated efforts necessary to achieve focus based on human rights that contributes to achieving gender equality, the exercise of the rights of women and their economic empowerment, poverty reduction through the achievement of sustainable development within the limits of the planet.
The COP20 in Lima was a major setback for the progress being made on gender in climate negotiations, although gender was not mentioned before 2007 progress is very slow and insignificant in terms that really should address the problem, the truth is that climate change magnifies the inequalities and as the impacts are more, become more apparent unfinished social problems of various international agendas which owe their failure to patriarchal structures as demonstrated by Saudi Arabia supported EU to remove several parts which emphasized the need to include gender within the negotiated text, but the worst was the silence of the other Member States who witnessed no remorse to see again women are in background, a few states such as the Philippines and Bolivia stood firm on the need to include women within the text.
The next step after Lima was a week of climate negotiations was held in Geneva between February 8 to 13 to set the stage for what becomes busy year for which has already been launched an first draft document in order to reach a reasonable agreement in Paris, negotiators will have to climb a mountain of contentious issues that continue to overshadow the talks where one of the fundamental issues again is kind, however this time another group of countries they rose to push gender within the text such as the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Sudan, Mexico, Chile and others.
If we further progress is necessary that the new climate agreement to be reconciled during cop21 in Paris, recognize that women have a vital role in combating climate change due to be disproportionately affected by it and recognize that it is they who have demonstrated the ability to find solutions in different ways and are they in your local struggle, slowly transforming their livelihoods to adjust to a world that is increasingly unjust to sectors of the population are virtually support the current inequitable system that are carrying its limit our planet.